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Episodes often mention or incorporate literary works, or use the name of a literary work as an episode title—a point of interest to fans who try to connect them to LOST's mythology. While certain books are read by characters, others are referenced in dialogue, and some have just been glimpsed.

Literature FeaturedEdit

A compilation of literature featured on LOST. When literature is featured on LOST the actual work of literature is present in a scene, whether a character, such as John Young, is reading a book, or it is plainly sitting on a shelf.

Watership Down

The book originally belonged to Boone, but ended up in Sawyer's possession when it washed up onto the shore.

Green Lantern/Flash: Faster Friends #1

The comic book that Walt had in his possession until it was destroyed when Michael threw it into the fire. The comic originally belonged to Hurley, and was a Spanish language version.

A Wrinkle in Time

Sawyer is seen reading it in various episodes, and the book is used when Jack is finding a suitable pair of glasses for Sawyer.

Turn of the Screw

The DHARMA Initiative Orientation film was hidden behind this book. This book was located on the bookcase.

The Third Policeman

As Desmond flees the Hatch, this book is seen sitting there by his bed.

An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge

While alphabetizing the books inside the hatch, Locke picks up this book off of the shelf.

Bad Twin

Hurley discovers Gary Troup's manuscript of "Bad Twin" among the luggage on the beach and begins excitedly reading the mystery book. The book is later read by Sawyer on the beach, and the final pages are burned by Jack.

The Brothers Karamazov

Locke provides Ben with this book to pass the time. Later on the the two discuss how Hemingway was jealous of Dostoevsky.


Sawyer is reading this book on the beach when Kate approaches him and asks for a gun.

Are You There, God? It's Me, Margaret

Sawyer is reading this book on the beach when Sun approaches him and asks to look through his medical stash.

Our Mutual Friend

This book belonged to Desmond, it was the last book he had ever planned to read, because after he had, he would have read every word Charles Dickens had ever written.


This book appeared in "The Others" book club, and was being read by Juliet, Adam, Amelia, and several others as well.

Of Mice and Men

This book appeared prison with Sawyer as his book of choice. Sawyer and Ben later discussed the book on the island.

A Brief History of Time

When Alex, Kate, and Sawyer arrived to rescue Karl, Aldo was seen reading this book while standing guard. Ben has a copy of the book inside his living room in the Barracks.

Laughter in the Dark

Hurley discovers this book while he and Charlie are ransacking Sawyer's stash inside his tent.

The Fountainhead

Sawyer is seen reading this book while on ther beach and looking into the ocean.

Evil Under the Sun

Sawyer is seen reading this book while on ther beach when Nikki comes up and requests a gun from him.


This book was found by Desmond, Charlie, Jin and Hurley inside Naomi's backpack in the episode of the same name.

Literary ReferencesEdit

A compilation of literature referred to on LOST. References to literature have occurred either by word of mouth by the survivors or through references from the works themselves having been integrated into the storyline of LOST or into the thematic motifs.

Heart of Darkness

In "Walkabout", Jack comments to Kate as to why whenever there is a hike into the "Heart of Darkness", she signs up. In "Numbers", Charlie refers to Hurley's mood change as going from "happy go lucky good time Hurley" to "Colonel bloody Kurtz" (Kurtz being one of the central characters of the novel.) In "Confirmed Dead", Sawyer refers to John Locke as "Colonel Kurtz".In Via Domus, the book can be found in a cave in a secret room on the episode 3.

Alice in Wonderland

The episode "White Rabbit" is a reference to Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, as Jack searches for his elusive father on the island, Alice too chased the elusive White Rabbit. Locke makes a reference to this when he encounters Jack in the jungle.In Via Domus, it can be found in a secret room on the cave on episode 3.

Lord of the Flies

After the raft is burned, Sawyer makes a reference to Jin about Lord of the Flies, in that the survivors might have been civilized before the crash, but have now turned to savages. When the Tail Sections survivors re-unite with the Fuselage survivors, Charlie comments that it seems like they went "Lord of the Flies".

Harry Potter

Hurley makes a reference to Harry Potter when he comments that Sawyer with glasses resembles a "steam-rolled Harry Potter".

Memoirs of a Geisha

Gina comments to her husband Jeff that Jin and Sun's relationship is like "Memoirs of a Geisha" come to life.

The Outsiders

When Johnny is asked by Hugo to keep their friendship remaining as it is, Johnny says that he will "Stay Gold, Pony boy", which was a line said by "Johnny" who is a character in "The Outsiders".

The Epic of Gilgamesh

As Locke completes a crossword puzzle in the hatch, the clue for 42 Down is "Enkidu's friend", to which Locke fills in "Gilgamesh".

Wizard of Oz
The Wizard of Oz

The character of Henry Gale, that was introduced in the episode "One of Them", is potentially a collection of references to this novel. In "Wizard of Oz" Henry Gale was the uncle of Dorothy Gale, the main character in the novel. On "Lost", the real Henry turns out to have arrived on the island by means of a balloon, which was the exact way the Wizard arrived into the Land of Oz. (A slight connection to film is made as well - the real Henry turns out to be from Minnesota, which was the birthplace of Judy Garland, the actress who portrayed Dorothy in the film.)

The Mysterious Island

When Benjamin Linus was captured by the others, he claimed to have crash landed on the island in a balloon, just as the characters in the novel do. Among them, was also a dog, a reference to Vincent. There is also an orangutan named "Jupe", the Hanso Foundation's Joop from The Lost Experience is a reference to this.


The novel Island by Aldous Huxley is referenced by the Pala Ferry. The island of Pala is the name of the island in the novel.

Julius Caesar

Sawyer references "Julius Caesar" when Jack, Kate and Locke approach Sawyer and demand the return of the guns. When Locke asks "Where are they, James?", Sawyer replies by saying "You too, Brutus", a translation of the famous ending line "Et tu, Brute?" which are spoken by Caesar.

The Odyssey

The Odyssey shares many similarities to Lost, in that they both use flashbacks to describe a character's story. The story also parallels the story of Desmond and Penelope.It can be, strangely, found on the cockpit of Oceanic Flight 815 in Via Domus on episode 2.

A Tale of Two Cities

The title of the Season 3 premiere is a reference to this Dickens novel.

To Kill a Mockingbird

Juliet enters Jack's holding room and brings a TV with a hidden message about Ben, but before airing it she tricks the cameras into thinking she's showing Jack "To Kill a Mockingbird", a film starring Gregory Peck, based off Harper Lee's novel.

Stranger in a Strange Land
Stranger in a Strange Land

The title of the episode is a reference to the novel "Stranger in a Strange Land" which is a science fiction novel by Robert A. Heinlein that tells the story of Valentine Michael Smith, a human raised by Martians on Mars, as he returns to Earth in early adulthood.

Animal Farm

Arzt references the novel "Animal Farm" when he yells at Kate (who is being rather controlling), "You're all out of control. The pigs are walkin'. The pigs are walking!" "Animal Farm" which is a novel by George Orwell, is regarded in the literary field as one of the most famous satirical allegories of Soviet totalitarianism.

The Moon Pool

The moon pool area of the Looking Glass DHARMA Initiative Station is a possible reference to this classic, pulp-scifi/fantasy novel concerning the strange adventures of the botanist Dr. Walter Goodwin on mysterious, otherworldly islands in the South Pacific (this character shares his name with the Other known as Goodwin, who was sent by Ben to join the tail section of survivors).

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